Have you ever wondered why you are in the United States, or a certain country, etc.? Because of the choices your parents, grandparents or foster/adoptive parents made in their own choices of living spaces. Their choices affected you before you were born and it's a mystery.
This is part of the attraction of having a genealogical dna test done. Noone can tell you what it means to you, but I can tell you cousins who tested their dna and then posted their results so my Parker, Woolcot, Cox and other Family Finder families can try to connect are a type of hero in my book!
Some genealogists working on the Parker histories state it would help if more of the "Browsholme" or Cornwall descended Parkers would participate in the Parker DNA Project by testing but I submit that some of the Yorkshire Parkers have already given us this genealogy through the old colonial records and English documents of which I hope to post some here.
There is a word of caution for "new" genealogists just beginning their research in the Parker lines. If you have found a family history that predates before the DNA began being used in genealogy, and some parts of the family history do not "make sense" to you, please pay attention to your instincts. This is part of genealogy, to document this research, and take the DNA into careful consideration before you pass your research on to family members. "Seasoned" genealogists know what we mean because we all have had our mistakes in recording data.
This historical "hobby", though, is one in which genealogists and family historians are all friends. We do this for fun to get to know our ancestors but we also record for the future generations.
When the new genealogist sees the phrase, "abt. 1630", remember this is our way of estimating the ancestor's year of birth that we constantly look for documents of their true birth.
Now, the traffic signal has turned green, and we will continue on down the road...
About the Parkers
When there is a brick wall in genealogy search, it is really only a mystery. Mysteries can be solved with genealogy DNA tests, process of elimination, documentation and combining the accurate papertrails.
I could say all day long that I am the 3rd great granddaughter of Henry Parker Sr. My mtdna test documented my grandmother Annie Lee Crabtree Willkett's maternal lines and that has meant alot to me to finally see the family lines connecting that my grandmother Annie lost for a time. - both her parents died and left her an orphan at about age three.
My Family Finder test gave me the given and surnames of some of my cousins already in contact with me. Some of the Family Finder surnames, I had no knowledge of at that time. (See COX Ydna)
With this mtdna test, is the proof that my mother, Stella May Willkett Cox, was a direct descendant of her maternal descendancy from John Welch.
There are multiple matches in my Family Finder DNA test results that prove Stella Willkett was descended from Henry Parker's father, John Parker.
Nancy Cox, Stella Willkett, Edd Alford Willkett, William Henry Woolcott, Winnie E. Parker Woolcott, Henry Parker Sr., (and John Parker - a verbal ancestry as Henry Sr's father.)
There was once a bonafide question of whether my line was descended from Henry Parker since I was descended from a female line of Henry Parker's daughter, Winnifred, through her son, William Henry Woolcott. Family Finder cousins are helping to determine many of those unknown connections. Now to determine which one of the Family Group #1 male Parker lines Henry Parker Sr. may possibly descend from.
Before introducing you further to my ggggrandfather Henry Parker's life and his travels, please backtrack with me into the past records that were determined by ydna testing to be from other Parker family groups...
The Pierces, Bizzells and Halls of North Carolina research on Genforum lists a Thomas Parker born 1541-1580 who married Eleanor Waller. Son, Francis b. 12 March 1565 md. Anne Hewett b. 1561. Son, William Parker was b. 1596 and died in 1676. His son, Thomas Parker, b. 1617 Yorkshire, England, died in 1681.
This Thomas Parker md. Elizabeth Sharpe b. 23 Feb 1613 in Lincolnshire England.
Thomas and Elizabeth Sharpe Parker's son, was b. in 1636 Henrico County Va. He md. Deborah. Thomas died 10 March 1697.
According to this website, Thomas and Deborah had George Jr. in 1666, Jeremiah b. 1667, Francis b. 1668, and Thomas b. 1669 who md. Susannah.
Child of Thomas and Susannah was Isaac Parker b. 1690-1750. He md. Elizabeth Small Benton. Their son was reported to be Amos Lemuel Parker b. 1715-1780 who md. Temperance Small.
Amos Lemuel Parker is the documented ancestor of P37 Parker Surname Group #1 but this is the first time I had seen the ancestry before Amos.
Pioneers of the South book says William Parker born 1596, was the second son of William the Mariner. Another researcher says William the Mariner was on the ship, the Charles, in 1616 and was age 20. His land was located on the south of Nansemond River and was west of Powell's Creek.
William Parker married Anne Powell. Their issue: John, Thomas, William and Richard. John and Thomas's land was in Lynhaven Parish. William's land was at Dumpling Island.
Is this the same William Parker who was living in Elizabeth City County in 1623?
We learn more about the location of Dumpling Island Creek in the land document of a Yeardley who had land in 1637 upon Dumpling Island Creek in Nansemond River on the south side adjacent land of William Parker.
14 June 1638 William Parker at 42 years of age had 330 acres in Upper New Norfolk County northwest upon Nansemond River for seven persons. ( Upper New Norfolk became Nansemond county in 1642.)
Raymond mentioned another William Parker as born in 1604 and made his appearance on a Va. patent to John Bush dated 1 Dec 1624 where he is mentioned as being one of two servants who came in the Charles in 1621.
The 3rd paragraph says William Parker arrived at age 12. This would put his birth year in 1604. It is stated he was probably an orphan but his ancestry can be determined if a person follows the book land records forward...
A William Parker listed on the 1624 Muster of Virginia inhabitants. His issue was according to a Parker document report: Richard Parker b. 1624 Nansemond co. VA, and Richard Parker died before April 23, 1681. His brother, Thomas Parker born about 1626.
Parker, Richard, Publication 24 February 1675/1676 in the VA State Land office-Nansemond county 100 acres with marsh the greater part adjoining at a place called Hoods Neck.
(Another "key" word) Hood's Neck.
Parker, Richard Virginia State Land Office, Nansemond county. 23 April 1681 Grantee (s): Parker, Thomas, Richard, and Francis, he three sons ofRichard Parker, dec'd. 1,420 acres.
Parker, Richard, 26 April 1698 VA State Land Office Nansemond county 100 acres with marsh the greater part adjoining lying and being in the county of Nansemond at a place called Hoods Neck in the southern branch and joining to other lands of the said Parker's father.
It has been established with land records that this Richard Parker did live in Nansemond County and he had a son named Thomas who lived in Nansemond county with designations of the area to tell us where he and his family lived.
This family's land showed designations up to and including the year 1714. Oliver's Run, southern branch of Nansemond River; near the head of Bennett's Creek; near Hoods branch;
Kinnexions.com has some great records on their site but their immigrant is different from Parker Group #1 ydna.
They have Richard Parker born about 1624 VA and died about 1680 Nansemond co. VA. He arrived in America before December 22, 1643. John Carter received 300 acres in Nansemond co. for six headrights that included a Richard Parker. See the publication, The Three Richard Parkers...
The boundary changes of Richard Parker's land was in Nansemond co. VA; Chowan co. N.C.; Hertford co. and finally Gates co. N.C. in 1779. You would need a boundary map when researching these Parker lines. This is probably the reason so many new researchers have blended these Parker families because of the boundaries changing so much during all these Parker's lives and their residencies. So, look for the "key" words that I have laid out as street signs and we will travel on down the road...
In Following The Land, William Parker acquired enough income in May 1636 to pay for transportation of seven persons into Virginia. He received 350 acres of land in Warrisquoke beginning at a little creek on the south side of Nanzemund River abutting Northwest upon the said River against Dumpling Island and southeast into the woods.
Pay attention to "key words" please... Dumpling Island, Nanzemund or Nansemond River and Warrisquoke...
Following The Land lists this land lying near Dumpling Island Creek now known as Oyster House Creek and east of Wilroy Swamp, in Suffolk City, formerly Nansemond County.
Waunita Powell's work says Richard Parker of Nansemond County is probably in the family of William and/or Thomas Parker of Dumpling Creek and Chuckatuck. Keep in mind that this Richard Parker is reportedly a descendant of James and Katteran (Katherine) Buller Parker of Cornwall England. (Richard Parker of Cornwall is not my ydna but I have followed and researched this line from internet sources and old English records to try to help others and determine my own dna papertrails.)
Following The Land states that Richard Parker I was living near the Cross Swamp patent in Nansemond County, VA.
This is another establishment of this branch of Richard Parker's residency according to land records...
Some Emigrants to America and the Virginia Historical Magazine have published some of the family records of the Cornwall Parker family.
Parker, George (in Virginia before 1673) son of James Parker and grandson of William Parker, Archdeacon of Cornwall who lived at Trangoe, in the parish of Wartegin, Cornwall.
Parker, James, (in Virginia 1687) New Kent county of Southwell, Nottinghamshire.
Parker, Philip (in VA 1656, and c.) Northampton county; brother of Thomas Parker, citizen and draper, of London. Northampton Records.
Parker, Dr. Richard (in Virginia before 1673); brother of George Parker, preceding.
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography states that Robert Parker's will on 13 November 1671 was proved 4 April 1673. Wife and fellow traveler Jane. Sons, George and John Parker. Daughters, Abigail, Margaret, Constance and Anne. He says his grandfather John Parker and father are buried in the church of St. Laurence, Southampton. The plantation in Virginia was to be in the care of Mr. John Wise of Accomake. Power of attorney dated May 1661 shows Robert was a brother of George and John Parker. Why was Richard Parker not mentioned as his brother also?
Recollections of a Naval Officer by Capt. William H. Parker state that two brothers came to Virginia. One located in Isle of Wight co. and the other resided in Accomack co Thomas of "Macclesfield" Isle of Wight VA. b. 1629 in England and died 1685 VA. He was the ancestor of Colonel Josiah Parker.
Henry Parker ydna
Before ydna testing, my earliest documentation for Henry Parker, father of my great great grandmother, Winnifred E. Parker, was in 1830 Clinton county, Illinois.
Before 1830, we had a Henry Parker who was almost the same age as the documented Henry in Clinton co. Il. That one was located in Marlboro county, S.C.
He was listed on the 1810 Marlboro co. S.C. and also on the 1820 Marlboro co. S.C. census, twice. Apparently, he moved within that year and that was good for us because when my Family Finder tests came in, we were related by blood to the Martha Quick Driggers who was living beside the Henry Parker of Marlboro co.! Coincidence? I do not think so. This is the great thing about Family Tree DNA's Family Finder.
Also in 1850 Clinton county, Il. I had found descendants of the Parker line that were listed in another Parker Group. (Daniel Parker's son, Moses Parker was in Clinton co IL after 1835.) I thought at one time that the 1850 Clinton county Parkers might be the two younger Parkers in Henry Parker's household of 1830 that have not been identified by us. Were they living with Henry Parker until Henry moved from Clinton county? Time will tell.
The Parker DNA Project results page lists Family Group #1 Haplogroup R1a1a
PO4 James Parker b. 1815 Tennessee
PO6 William Parker baptised 1696 Kirby Hill, North Yorkshire England
P17 Henry Parker born 1827 South Carolina
P20 Henry Parker born 1827 South Carolina
P31 Henry Parker born 1780 North Carolina (That part of N.C. was transferred to S.C.)
P37 Amos Parker born abt. 1720 North Carolina
P57 Samuel Parker born 1792 North Carolina
P63 Perry Parker born 1856 Texas
P73 Lemuel Parker born 1790 North Carolina
P100 Joseph Parker born___ died 1749-50 North Carolina
P102 John Parker born 1810-20 North Carolina
P119 Lewis Parker born abt. 1772 South Carolina
P130 John Rhodes (Jack) Parker born 1808 North Carolina
P149 Thomas Parker born abt. 1705 (One genealogy source has birthplace England; another has N.C.)
P236 Frederick N. Parker born 1865 Illinois
P265 Elisha Parker born 1784 North Carolina
P302 Lewis Parker born 1799 North Carolina
(The P17, P20, P31, P63 and others that I have yet to get permission to post are in Henry Parker Sr's direct descendancy)
All of these Parkers have one main item in common. Their haplogroup is R1a1a. They could all be from the same ancestor within 100 years but if that was so, the family historians who are diligently working on each family branch would have found the common link. So, let's take the records step by step according to the ydna, do the process of elimination and then we can blend each one as we find the link.
We are including hypothesis in this determination so always study the lines for yourself before accepting a new record on your ancestry. The hypothesis are just guidelines for further study.
PO4 James Parker born 1815 TN. named one of his sons, Thomas Henry Parker, during the time that my ggggrandfather, Henry Parker, was still living in Illinois. At one time, these two families lived within a county away from each other. (Jefferson and Clinton)
PO6 William Parker was baptised in 1696 in North Yorkshire England. At one time this family resided at Langthorpe, just a few miles from Kirby Hill Parish Church or Kirby Hill on the Moor. (Check out the parish records.)
Interesting that Thomas Parker born 1705 has the same birth year as the Thomas Parker christened in 1705 Kirby Hill. The 1705 son died and the next child of Francis and his wife was also named Thomas at his christening in 1708!- and he is also from the same ydna family as PO6 William Parker of Kirby Hill, England.
P57 A Samuel Parker on the 1830 Chicot co. Arkansas census within the age digits. Also on that census, was a Sally Parker in a separate h.h. If you are from P57, I would appreciate knowing where Samuel Parker was living in 1830.
P37 Amos Parker. Kathy has an abundance of family history in her book.
Now, let's explore the hypothesis according to the ydna of P100, P149 and then P119.
According to the papertrails documented by these family branches, take a family group sheet and place Thomas Parker born about 1626 and died about 1690. (I recieved these from another Parker researcher)
Now, take another group sheet and place the name Thomas Parker as the father and list his age as ca. 1634.
Once more, place the name Thomas Parker on another group sheet as the father and put his age as ca 1653.
(Birth years from various places. guess-timates)
Sally's genealogy site has a Thomas Parker who had three sons. Where is his will?
1. Peter 2. Thomas 3. William
Peter was born about 1645 according to his abundance of family historians. He married Elisabeth. (Peter's will dated 15 Sep 1716. W.P. Apr court of Chowan co. N.C.)
Their issue/children according to accepted dates:
1. John Parker b. before 1696 His land lay on Deep Run Branch. clue.
2. Elisabeth Parker
3. Joseph Parker P100
He married Ruth.
4. Thomas Parker b. 1705-1762 P149
(Something is wrong with the ages. Peter would have been about 63 when Thomas was born and at least six years older when Mary and Ann were born...)
It has been established by Frances and her family in their extensive research work that Thomas married Hannah Holland.
Their issue/children: Silas; Joseph; William; Peter.
Elisha Parker P265 is also descended from Peter through his son, Thomas b. 1705.
This establishes that P100, P149 and P265 are from Peter's descendancy documented by papertrail and ydna!
Now, the brother of Peter and other son of Thomas Parker mentioned on his will. Thomas Parker. He would have been born shortly after Peter as a guess. Other researchers are putting 1653 and we will go with that for now.
(The date of 1660-1666 is the birth year of Richard Parker's son, Thomas. His son did not marry Jeane. This is according to Waunita Powell's online records and other James and Katherine Buller Parker's records.
Thomas Parker born (est. 1653) married an Elizabeth first (according to the Wells website) and then Jeane Early-widow Evans.
Thomas named his children in his will in this order: Thomas, Joseph, Sarah, John, William and Francis Parker. Will- 3 Jan 1717 and probated Oct. court 1717 County of Albemarle, precinct of Chowan, N.C. In his list of children, he mentions one daughter when she comes of age but there is a Francis in the will and we need the genealogy of this child. Was Francis his son?
John (H.?) Parker b. abt. 1692 married Mary Stone. Mary supposedly died in 1770 Edgecombe co. N.C.
1. Gabriel Parker b. 1719 Chowan co. N.C.
2. John Parker b. 1721 Chowan co. N.C.
3. Aaron Parker b. (guessitimate 1723)
4. Sarah Parker b. abt. 1725
5. Margaret Parker b. abt 1727
6. Elizabeth Parker b. abt 1729
Following the line of Gabriel, above.
Gabriel was b. abt 1719 and married Famoriah and #2 Selah
1. Matthew Parker b. 1741
2. Hubbard b. abt 1743
3. Gabriel b. abt 1746
4. Burwell b. abt 1749
5. Hardy b. 1751
6. Famoriah b. 1753
From family historians of Hubbard Parker, he is listed with two sons. Lewis Parker b. abt 1772 and Aaron b. 25 April 1789 Screven co. Georgia. More research is needed.
Burwell Parker is first listed on the 1790 S.C. census. He was married to Alpha Brown Kenady (widow Kennedy)
Burwell Parker died about 26 Jan 1835. Will in Barnwell co. S.C. ( Did he live on Yarrows Branch later known as Tinker's Creek?)
South Carolina Archives-Parker, John, Plat for 585 acres on Yarrows Branch, Orangeburgh District, surveyed by Robert Brown in 9/2/1789. This proves that John Parker of Yarrows Branch was living in the vicinity of Williston, S.C.
Is this John Parker, the father of Lewis and Aaron, or is this my Henry Parker's father?
Children listed on Burwell's will were:
William Parker, Nancy, Elisabeth. There was a Burrell Parker who died later at the age of 18. Mortality records. I am not sure whose son that was.
Recorded in S.C. wills - a Gabriel Parker dated 27 April 1810. His wife was named as Lucy Rives (or Reeves?)
P119 Lewis Parker, b. abt 1772 has family historians working on this line and the papertrail shows a relationship to the Barnwell county Parkers. P119 shows a ydna connection to Thomas Parker who married Jeane Early Evans also.
Ms. Clingman gives a great compilation of Burrel Parker's descendancy on World Connect. She lists him married to Mrs. Esther Parker. Was Esther's former husband a Parker?
She has Elisabeth Parker b. abt 1780 S.C. who married David M. Cave. She died in S.C.
Other daughter of Burrel is listed as Nancy Ann b. abt. 1795 S.C. and married Tarlton Cave. She died 1858 Barnwell co. S.C.
I found the name Lewis Parker for the first time in the 1810 Barnwell co. S.C. census. 20010,2101000.
His digits show he was b. ca.1767-1784. This must be Burwell's son, Lewis. Was he in Burrell or Burwell's household until then? 1820 digits: 1002012011003
Will gradually flesh his known history as soon as possible.
Also listed in 1810 Barnwell county was: William Parker 10010, 1001 (b.ca.1767-1784)
Burrel Parker 03101,004100 (13 slaves)
Joseph Parker 41210,111100 (b.ca 1767-1784)
It seems that there were three Parker men in the 1810 census with digits close in ages.
Lewis and William Parker could be the Lewis and Henry Parker listed on the 1840 Henry Co. Alabama census. William dropped his name as William Henry between 1820 and 1840? Is there a story there?
To be continued...